Intelligence quotient more commonly known as IQ has been studied time and time again. There are many studies that link IQ and cognitive control for example, inference and suppression. Now, researchers are looking more into the role of Emotional Intelligence known as EI. They are looking for a link between IQ, EI, and cognitive control tasks. Reasearchers are starting to find that not only is IQ essential to cognitive control but EI is as well.
IQ is typically divided into fluid intelligence which is the ability to think logically about new events or problems, and crystallized intelligence which is depended upon previous experiences and knowledge and the ability to use these factors. Fluid intelligence is typically measured using abstract reasoning tests such as the Matrices test. Crystalized intelligence is typically measured using vocabulary and verbal tests. The thought behind both types of IQ is that they work together to think logically but also use abstract reasoning.
EI is another form of intelligence that is mainly modeled throguh theoretical examples and mixed models with IQ. Examples of EI strengths would be optimism, motivation, and stress tolerance. It is the ability to express emotion, express and generate feelings, as well as understanding other peoples emotions. It is becoming more obvious that people that are emotionally intelligent are able to adapt to others emotions, and strategies in order to reach their goals. EI also helps solve problems, as well as generating positive moods in order to be successful.
Emotional intelligence is incredibly important in the ability to self regulate behavior which also includes impulse control. The researchers have also linked EI to aggressive behavior control, and negative behaviors such as alcohol and drug abuse.
This article was interesting to be because it talked about an aspect of intelligence that I was not aware of. My mom is a psychotherapist so I have always learned about individuals with mental illnesses all across the spectrum. I am aware that individuals with severe debilitating illnesses both physical and mental are not always able to be tested for IQ but I wonder if researchers would be able to test their EI through observations as well as reports from their loved ones and others around them. As a future kindergarten teacher I am also interested in how everyday life plays a role in my classroom and while 5 year olds might not be tested on their IQ I think their emotional intelligence is something that could be tested again through behavioral observation. The idea that I got from this article is that while IQ is an important thing that is commonly known about, EI is something that may be more generalized to a larger population and may be something that is tested more commonly in the future.